Adding an Import terrain node

This node creates a terrain from an image file. The image is transformed into gray levels, each pixel having a value between 0 and 1. The generated terrain has the resolution of the image as its size, and the height of each point depends on its gray level and the scale of the heights (vertices with a 0 value will have their height set to the min value, and vertices with a 1 value will have their height set to the max value).

To add a node, right-click in the Graph Editor and select Create Node  > Import  > Import terrain from file.

Double click on the node to open its parameters:

Importing a terrain from a file

To import a terrain from a file:

Either:
  • Drag and drop the file into the File name field, click on the folder button and browse to the file you want to import, or type the directory of the file to import.
  • Drag and drop the image directly into the Graph editor. A pop-up dialog appears. Click whether you want to import the image file as a terrain, mask, or color map.

File names with Unicode characters are supported.

If you have already saved your project, type just a file name or sub-directory and file name to import it from the same directory as your project. There is no need to type the file directory.

The following image formats are supported:

Extension Format Comments
.bmp Windows or OS/2 Bitmap file 8/16/24/32 bits allowed
.dem Digital Elevation Model  
.gif Graphics Interchange Format  
.jpg, .jpeg Independent JPEG Group  
.png Portable Network Graphics 8/16 bits per channel with 1/3/4 channels (gray scale/RGB/RGBA) allowed
.ico Windows Icon  
.tif, .tiff Tagged Image File Format 8/16/32 bits allowed
.tga Truevision Targa File  
.psd Adobe Photoshop  
.pgm Portable Graymap  
.pfm Portable Floatmap  
.exr ILM openEXR  
.hf2, .hfz Heightfield  
.raw RAW binary data  
.asc ARC/INFO ASCII GRID  

Every heightmap used for a terrain may contain colors or an alpha channel. Both are converted to gray scale values.

Only nodes with a single channel, 8 bits, 16 bits, or 32 bits, are supported.
- For 8 bits, the values are between 0 and 255.
- For 16 bits, the values are between 0 and 65'535.
- For 32 bits, the values are floating values: for a terrain, this is the height of the terrain.

  • Import as Raw: Check the box to import the image file as raw.
  • File information: Sets the Width, Height, and Bits of the terrain. The Skipped bytes option provides the number of bytes to be skipped at the beginning of the raster file to obtain to the first row of pixels.
  • Quad size: Sets the size of the terrain quads.
  • Height: Sets the minimum and maximum height of the terrain.
  • Flip Y axis: Check the box to flip the terrain around the Y axis.
  • Fix missing regions: When importing satellite data, some parts of the terrain may be marked as missing. This is because part of the terrain is at an extremely low altitude (down to -32 kilometers) and data are unavailable.
    For example, in the image below the blue part is at a very low altitude and corresponds to unavailable data.

In some cases Instant Terra can detect these missing parts. In this case, the Fix missing regions option is available.

When the option is checked, the missing parts are set to zero altitude, which leads to a better result. Here is the same terrain when the option Fix missing regions is checked.

Tip: When a terrain from satellite data presents a part located at a very low altitude and the Fix missing regions option is not available or does not give a satisfactory result, you can use a node Min & max heights node in Clamp mode with a minimum height of zero to obtain a similar result.

Technical part

The Fix missing region option is only available for 16-bit formats that accept negative values (INT16 format). In this case, a missing region is often indicated by values equal to -32,768. Instant Terra detects these values and replaces them with a value corresponding to an altitude of zero.


Parameters

Parameter Use
File name Name of the file to load
Quad size Size of the terrain quads
File information Shows the width, height, and bits of the terrain
Height Sets the minimum and maximum height of the terrain
Flip Y axis Flips the terrain around the Y axis
Fix missing regions Sets the missing parts of imported satellite data to zero

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